In this section
We study AQA GCSE History. The four units which are examined at the end of Y1 are:
Conflict and tension in Asia 1950-1975
Conflict in Korea
- The causes of the Korean War:
nationalism in Korea; US relations with China; the division of Korea; Kim Il
Sung and Syngman Rhee; reasons why the North invaded the South in June 1950; US
and the UN responses; USSR's absence from the UN.
- The development of the Korean War:
the UN campaign in South and North Korea; Inchon landings and recapture of
South Korea; UN forces advance into North Korea; reaction of China and
intervention of Chinese troops October 1950; the sacking of MacArthur.
- The end of the Korean War: military
stalemate around the 38th Parallel; peace talks and the armistice; impact of
the Korean War for Korea, the UN and Sino-American relations.
Escalation of conflict in Vietnam
- The end of French colonial rule:
Dien Bien Phu and its consequences; Geneva Agreement, 1954; civil war in South
Vietnam; opposition to Diem; the Vietcong – aims, support, leadership and
guerrilla tactics and Ho Chi Minh.
- The US involvement: the Domino
Theory; intervention under Eisenhower and Kennedy; Strategic Hamlets programme.
- Johnson’s War: the Gulf of Tonkin; the US response to Vietcong tactics; the mass bombing campaign; demands for peace and growing student protests in the USA; My Lai and its public impact; Search and Destroy tactics and impact; the Tet Offensive and its consequences for the war.
The ending of conflict in Vietnam
- Nixon’s War: Vietnamisation;
chemical warfare; bombing campaign of 1970–1972; relations with China; widening
of the war into Laos and Cambodia.
- Opposition to war: Kent State
University; the importance of the media and TV in influencing public opinion;
the context of the Watergate affair.
- The end of the war: the Paris Peace talks; the role of
Kissinger; the US withdrawal; fall of Saigon; the price of conflict; problems
of Vietnam in 1975.
Elizabethan England c1568-1603
Elizabeth's court and Parliament
- Elizabeth I and her court:
background and character of Elizabeth I; court life, including patronage; key
- The difficulties of a female ruler:
relations with Parliament; the problem of marriage and the succession; the
strength of Elizabeth’s authority at the end of her reign, including Essex’s
rebellion in 1601.
Life in Elizabethan times
- A ‘Golden Age’: living standards
and fashions; growing prosperity and the rise of the gentry; the Elizabethan
theatre and its achievements; attitudes to the theatre.
- The poor: reasons for the increase
in poverty; attitudes and responses to poverty; the reasons for government
action and the seriousness of the problem.
sailors: Hawkins and Drake; circumnavigation 1577–1580, voyages and trade; the
role of Raleigh.
The historic environment of Elizabethan England e.g. what can we learn from a study of Hardwick Hall about the Elizabethan period?
- Background of Hardwick Hall and its
creator; typical features of Elizabethan manor houses in relation to Hardwick
Troubles at home and abroad
- Religious matters: the question of
religion, English Catholicism and Protestantism; the Northern Rebellion; Elizabeth's
excommunication; the missionaries; Catholic plots and the threat to the
Elizabethan settlement; the nature and ideas of the Puritans and Puritanism;
Elizabeth and her government's responses and policies towards religious
- Mary Queen of Scots: background;
Elizabeth and Parliament’s treatment of Mary; the challenge posed by Mary;
plots; execution and its impact.
- Conflict with Spain: reasons;
events; naval warfare, including tactics and technology; the defeat of the
Britain: Health and the People c.1000 to the present day
Factors: war, superstition and religion, chance, government, communication, science and technology, the role of the individual in encouraging or inhibiting change.
Medicine stands still
- Medieval medicine: approaches
including natural, supernatural, ideas of Hippocratic and Galenic methods and
treatments; the medieval doctor; training, beliefs about cause of illness.
- Medical progress: the contribution
of Christianity to medical progress and treatment; hospitals; the nature and
importance of Islamic medicine and surgery; surgery in medieval times, ideas
- Public health in the Middle Ages:
towns and monasteries; the Black Death in Britain, beliefs about its causes,
treatment and prevention.
The beginnings of change
- The impact of the Renaissance on
Britain: challenge to medical authority in anatomy, physiology and surgery; the
work of Vesalius, Paré, William Harvey; opposition to change.
- Dealing with disease: traditional
and new methods of treatments; quackery; methods of treating disease; plague;
the growth of hospitals; changes to the training and status of surgeons and
physicians; the work of John Hunter.
- Prevention of disease: inoculation;
Edward Jenner, vaccination and opposition to change.
A revolution in medicine
- The development of Germ Theory and
its impact on the treatment of disease in Britain: the importance of Pasteur,
Robert Koch and microbe hunting; Pasteur and vaccination; Paul Ehrlich and
magic bullets; everyday medical treatments and remedies.
- A revolution in surgery:
anaesthetics, including Simpson and chloroform; antiseptics, including Lister
and carbolic acid; surgical procedures; aseptic surgery.
- mprovements in public health:
public health problems in industrial Britain; cholera epidemics; the role of
public health reformers; local and national government involvement in public
health improvement, including the 1848 and 1875 Public Health Acts.
- Modern treatment of disease: the
development of the pharmaceutical industry; penicillin, its discovery by
Fleming, its development; new diseases and treatments, antibiotic resistance;
- The impact of war and technology on
surgery: plastic surgery; blood transfusions; X-rays; transplant surgery;
modern surgical methods, including lasers, radiation therapy and keyhole
- Modern public health: the
importance of Booth, Rowntree, and the Boer War; the Liberal social reforms;
the impact of two world wars on public health, poverty and housing; the
Beveridge Report and the Welfare State; creation and development of the
National Health Service; costs, choices and the issues of healthcare in the
Germany 1890-1945: Democracy and Dictatorship
Germany and the growth of democracy
- Kaiser Wilhelm and the difficulties
of ruling Germany: the growth of parliamentary government; the influence of
Prussian militarism; industrialisation; social reform and the growth of
socialism; the domestic importance of the Navy Laws.
- Impact of the First World War: war
weariness, economic problems; defeat; the end of the monarchy; post-war
problems including reparations, the occupation of the Ruhr and hyperinflation.
- Weimar democracy: political change
and unrest, 1919–1923, including Spartacists, Kapp Putsch and the Munich
Putsch; the extent of recovery during the Stresemann era (1924–1929): economic
developments including the new currency, Dawes Plan and the Young Plan; the
impact of international agreements on recovery; Weimar culture.
Germany and the Depression
- The impact of the Depression:
growth in support for the Nazis and other extremist parties (1928–1932),
including the role of the SA; Hitler’s appeal.
- The failure of Weimar democracy:
election results; the role of Papen and Hindenburg and Hitler’s appointment as
- The establishment of Hitler’s
dictatorship: the Reichstag Fire; the Enabling Act; elimination of political
opposition; trade unions; Rohm and the Night of the Long Knives; Hitler becomes
The experiences of Germans under the Nazis
- Economic changes: benefits and
drawbacks; employment; public works programmes; rearmament; self-sufficiency;
the impact of war on the economy and the German people, including bombing,
rationing, labour shortages, refugees.
- Social policy and practice: reasons
for policies, practices and their impact on women, young people and youth
groups; education; control of churches and religion; Aryan ideas, racial policy
and persecution; the Final Solution.
- Control: Goebbels, the use of
propaganda and censorship; Nazi culture; repression and the police state and
the roles of Himmler, the SS and Gestapo; opposition and resistance, including
White Rose group, Swing Youth, Edelweiss Pirates and July 1944 bomb plot.
More details are available on the AQA website: http://www.aqa.org.uk/subjects/history/gcse/history-8145